Conceptual Analysis: Informal and Formal Education
The process of education which is reformed according to learn need and mixed with reality outside of formal education is called non formal education. Non-formal education is not creating by one day. But it was not created long time ago, consideration of ‘Concept’. Educationalist views that, the evaluation of Non-formal education is for those who were better down from school or was not able to gain formal education some identified reason. That means, Non-formal education is the mixed form of Informal and Formal education. To understand the non-formal education well, it is needed to know the clear concept about formal, non-formal and informal education. So, firstly we’ll discuss with Informal and Formal education concept.
The education which is not so rounded with any laws or the obligation of any institutions is called Informal education. It is also called the education without act. In human life, the educations start with informally and deals ever death. So it called the education from born to death. Hazrad Muhammad (sm.) said, “Search knowledge from born to death” Actually it implies to informal education. The educationalist professor Coobms and Ahmed Said, “Informal education is the truly lifelong process whereby every individual acquires attitudes, values, skills and knowledge from daily experience and the educative influences and resources in his or her environment – from family and neighbors, from work and play, from the market place, the library and the mass media”.
According to Chandra and Sharma “Informal education is a gradual process for people learn a few things after years of experience.”
Professor Abu Hamid Said “Human learns by hearing looking irritating and cheating from born to death living in the society is called informal education”.
The maximum percentage is informal education which is gained in human life. It has no any institution. The learning place of informal education is family, society, nature, culture, humanity, religious and social belief etc. The stair of informal education is symbolized as father; mother, brother, sister, friends, relatives, newspaper, religious festive, media etc. The informal education was the main purpose of earning knowledge and it was universal in the ancient period. This education was no distinction between socialization and informal education is not less in modern society. In an experiment among 17 years old boys and girls have seen that 20 percent of informal education gain in 1year old 50 percent in 4 years 90 percent in 8 years and 92 percent in 13 years old. From this it’s seem that the primary some years are very important in human life. May have the plying of formal education but the informal education is forming Childs mind and nature still with respective role.
 Coombs, P. and Ahmed, M., Attacking Rural Poverty, Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, 1974, p.2
 Sharma, S. Ram, Education: A conceptual Framework; New Delhi, Discovery Publishing House, 1996, p.20.
 Latif, Abu Hamid, Non-formal Education and Social Education, Bangla Academy, Dhaka, 1984, p.9
The opposite characterized educational system of informal language is called formal language. The main characteristic of formal language is formal system. Actually the educational process which is created by our globalization called formal education. The necessity of formal education language is to protect the culture and knowledge of society also for generating skilled people for economical and social needs of human society.
So the institution is built up. Such as the school, college, madrasa and University deserve education with their syllabus according to formal education. The learner overcome formal education according to their age by gradually and perform their ability for this Coombs and Ahmed said, “Formal Education refers to the highly institutionalized, chronologically graded and hierarchically structured education system spanning lower primary school and the upper reaches of the university.”
Chandra and Sharma said, “The formal comprehends education as it is provided in educational institutions according to a particular pattern”.
So formal education is based on institution limited with surrounding where deal the process getting certificate.
 Coombs, P. and Ahmed, M., Attacking Rural Poverty, Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, 1974, p.8
 Sharma, S. Ram, Education: A conceptual Framework; New Delhi, Discovery Publishing House, 1996, p.19.
Author- Gazi Ibrahim Al Mamun
Ph.d Researcher Government & Politics Dept.,
Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342.